Why Scotland wants to hold a referendum for independence, again

The semi-autonomous Scottish government wants to hold a referendum next year with the question “Should Scotland be an independent country?”

Under the Scotland Act, all matters relating to the “Union of the Kingdoms of Scotland and England” are reserved for the UK parliament in London. Westminster can grant the Scottish government the authority to hold a referendum using a so-called “Section 30” order, a process that was used to allow a similar vote in 2014, according to Reuters.

The semi-autonomous Scottish government wants to hold a referendum next October with the question “Should Scotland be an independent country?” Responding to the Supreme Court’s judgement, the Scottish First Minister (head of the government) Nicola Sturgeon said, “That is a hard pill for any supporter of independence, and surely indeed for any supporter of democracy, to swallow.”

Why does Scotland’s government want a vote on independence from the UK, and why did the 2014 referendum not settle the debate?

Currently, Great Britain includes the island that consists of Scotland in the north, England in the middle and north, and the region of Wales in the West. Along with these, northern Ireland forms the United Kingdom, a political union of nations.

But all these regions enjoy different kinds of relationships with the union as a whole. The nations of Britain have shared the same monarch since 1603, when King James VI of Scotland became James I of England. In 1707, a formal union created the Kingdom of Great Britain.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/uks-supreme-court-scottish-independence-vote-demand-8287139/


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